Monday, May 25, 2020

Kelly Surname Meaning and Family History

The Kelly surname, along with common variants Kelley and Kellie, has a number of possible origins. Most commonly it loosely means descendant of war, from the ancient Irish name OCeallaigh. The Gaelic prefix O indicates male descendant of, plus the personal byname Ceallach meaning strife or contention. The name may also mean bright-headed. Kelly is the 2nd most common surname in Ireland and the 69th most popular surname in the United States. Surname Origin:  Irish Alternate Surname Spellings:  KELLEY, KELLIE, OKELLY, OKELLEY, KELLI Famous People with the Kelly Surname Gene Kelly  - legendary American film actor and dancerEllsworth Kelly  - one of Americas great 20th-century artists  Grace Kelly  - popular American film actress of the 1950s;  married to  Prince Rainier III of MonacoNed Kelly  -  Australian outlaw;  leader of the 19th-century Kelly gangMachine Gun Kelly -  American bootlegger, bank robber, and kidnapperChris Kelly - America rapper;  one half of the rap duo Kris Kross, best known for their 1992 song Jump. Where the Kelly Surname Is Most Common The Kelly surname is the 836th most common surname in the world, according to surname distribution data from  Forebears. The name is most prevalent in Ireland, where it ranks as the 2nd most common last name, and is also very common in Northern Ireland (1st), Isle of Man (2nd), Jersey (19th), Australia (17th), Scotland (45th), Canada (60th), England (62nd), the United States (66th) and New Zealand (68th). WorldNames PublicProfiler  also shows the Kelly surname as by far most commonly found in Ireland. It is a common name across the country, with the greatest numbers in the Midlands and West regions. Genealogy Resources for the Surname KELLY 100 Most Common U.S. Surnames Their Meanings: Smith, Johnson, Williams, Jones, Brown... Are you one of the millions of Americans sporting one of these top 100 common last names from the 2000 census?Kelly Family Crest - Its Not What You Think: Contrary to what you may hear, there is no such thing as a Kelly  family crest or coat of arms for the Kelly surname.  Coats of arms are granted to individuals, not families, and may rightfully be used only by the uninterrupted male-line descendants of the person to whom the coat of arms was originally granted.KELLEY/KELLY/O’KELLY Surname DNA Study: Individuals with the Kelly surname, and variants such as Kelley, Kellay, Calley, OKelly, and OKelley, are invited to join the Y-DNA project to incorporate DNA testing with traditional genealogy research to identify various Kelly family lines.KELLY Family Genealogy Forum: This free message board is focused on descendants of Kelly  ancestors around the world. Search the forum for posts ab out your Kelly ancestors, or join the forum and post your own queries.  FamilySearch - KELLY Genealogy: Explore over 8.3 million  results from digitized  historical records and lineage-linked family trees related to the Kelly surname on this free website hosted by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.KELLY Surname Mailing List: Free mailing list for researchers of the Kelly surname and its variations includes subscription details and searchable archives of past messages.GeneaNet - Kelly  Records: GeneaNet includes archival records, family trees, and other resources for individuals with the Kelly surname, with a concentration on records and families from France and other European countries.The Kelly Genealogy and Family Tree Page: Browse genealogy records and links to genealogical and historical records for individuals with the Kelly  surname from the website of Genealogy Today.Ancestry.com: Kelly Surname: Explore over 13  million digitized records and database entries, including census records, passenger lists, military records, land deeds, probates, wills and other records for the Kelly surname on the subscription-based website, Ancestry.com. References Cottle, Basil.  Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1967.Dorward, David.  Scottish Surnames. Collins Celtic (Pocket edition), 1998.Fucilla, Joseph.  Our Italian Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 2003.Hanks, Patrick, and Flavia Hodges.  A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1989.Hanks, Patrick.  Dictionary of American Family Names. Oxford University Press, 2003.Reaney, P.H.  A Dictionary of English Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1997.Smith, Elsdon C.  American Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997. https://www.thoughtco.com/surname-meanings-and-origins-s2-1422408

Friday, May 15, 2020

Obesity in Western Culture - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1287 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2017/09/21 Category Advertising Essay Type Argumentative essay Tags: Obesity Essay Did you like this example? Within our constantly evolving and ever-changing Western world, what is deemed as being deviant has shifted and adapted to suit the norms and values of society at large. Thus, deviancy can be defined as behaviour that violates the normative rules, understandings or expectations of social systems. The issue of obesity has become increasingly prominent within Western society and is deemed as being deviant due to its wide unacceptance throughout society. In applying the ‘Functionalism’ perspective of deviance on obesity, the ways in which society attempts to handle and understand this issue is further outlined and explained. Obesity is a term used to describe body weight that is much greater than what is considered the healthy range. Individuals who are obese have a much higher amount of body fat than is healthy or recommended. Adults with a body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) greater than 25 kg/m2 but less than 30 kg/m2 are considered overweight (Insel, Turner, Ross, 2009). The ways in which those who classify as ‘obese’ are perceived and portrayed by society are, within a Western society fixated on image and obsessed with reaching physical ‘perfection’, often negative and highly critical. The media plays a crucial role in shaping the idea’s and values our society holds. As we are constantly bombarded with images of ‘idealistically’ thin celebrities, it becomes evident that those who do not fit this normality are excluded from social acceptance and pressured into losing weight and fitting in. A recent article in the Sydney Morning Herald stated that; â€Å"while there was sympathy for underweight models because of possible eating disorders, those with overweight body shapes were blamed for not doing something to lose weight† (Gray, 2010). It is evident here that although there is some negativity surrounded with being ‘u nderweight’, super-thin models and celebrities continue to be represented as acceptable throughout the media, whereas those classified as ‘obese’ are rejected from mainstream society and blamed for not taking the initiative to lose weight. As we concentrate more on what is considered to be ‘physically attractive’, we lose sight of the various biological, genetic, and noncontrollable etiological factors (Puhl, Shwartz, Brownell, 2005) that relate towards obesity. Thus, negative stereotypes and stigmas are placed upon the obese, further strengthening their label of deviancy. In a recent study conducted by Yale University, the perceived social consensus on attitudes toward obese people was tested. Three experiments were created towards educating the participants on the issue of obesity in hope of reducing the bias stereotypes and stigmas our society has successfully created towards the obese. (Puhl, Shwartz, Brownell, 2005). The study describes ho w the consensus attitude towards obesity prevents the reduction of stigmatizing and excluding the obese from mainstream society as people in general feel a sense of ‘security’ and ‘approval’ in following the beliefs of the majority. Thus, if we as a society take greater acknowledgment in the causes of obesity and perhaps even empathize towards those labeled as obese; the idea of obesity as being a form of deviance could potentially shift throughout the long term. The ways in which the ‘obese’ are acknowledged through the medical institution also assists in perpetuating the negative stigma held towards obesity by society at large. According to David F. Williamson of The New England Journal of Medicine (1999), it is crucial that doctors encourage greater weight loss towards obese patients as obese people are â€Å"twice as likely to die from any cause as people of normal weight. † Society then not only recognizes obese people as being à ¢â‚¬Å"obscene, lazy, slothful and gluttonous† (Adler, Adler 2000) but also as ill, and in a sense, ignorant towards the consequences of their poor state of health. As modern technology continues to develop and treatment options further increase, obesity becomes more and more deviant throughout society. Procedures such as ‘liposuction’ are becoming more available, with surgeries having increased 215 percent since 1992 (Naisbitt, Naisbitt, Philips 2001). Although undergoing plastic surgery has not yet attained complete social acceptance, procedures such as liposuction reduce the consequence of the obese being labeled deviant due to their status. In contrast, the way obese people perceive and view themselves is largely impacted by the constant discrimination and criticism carried out by society at large. Although it can be said that in the presence of other obese people there is a greater sense of acceptance and understanding, the self-representation of obese p eople is generally negative and painful. According to an article on ABC news, one obese female stated that â€Å"(you feel like) you have no right to exist as you are. Feeling as though this body is an outlaw body† (Stark, 2004). The majority of obese people often view themselves as outsiders to the social norms of image and feel as though there is a ‘culture of blame’ (ANI, 2008) constantly against them. There have been studies undergone which illustrate the reluctance amongst obese patients to seek preventive health care services due to the embarrassment of their weight, and perhaps even the feeling of being criticized by physicians (Fontaine, Faith, Allison, Cheskin cited in Puhl, Shwartz, Brownell, 2005). This clearly shows that obese people themselves are not content within their condition and recognize their deviant label within society. Although they inevitably feel the pressure to lose weight, the embarrassment of yet again being judged and criticized by healthcare professionals prevents them from doing so. The Functionalist approach to deviance can be applied to obesity in many ways. Functionalism was developed by Emile Durkheim and illustrates how the institutes within society function and maintain social equilibrium. A functionalist analysis of deviance begins with looking at society as a whole rather than focusing on the individual. â€Å"It looks for the source of deviance in the nature of society rather than the biological explanations or psychological nature of the individual† (Covington, 1999). In this regard, applying functionalism to obesity becomes difficult as obesity is initially a personal health concern. Both biological and psychological aspects contribute towards obesity which then labels the individual as deviant, proving that rather than focusing on the nature of society at large for explanations on deviancy, it is equally vital to focus on the obese individual to understand their deviant label. In evitably, this can be recognized as a weakness within the functionalist argument. In contrast, applying functionalism to obesity presents much strength in understanding why changes within social institutes occur. Institutes such as health/medical and education have had to shift and develop in order to combat the obesity epidemic and create greater equilibrium within Western society. Australian schools have recognized the deviant nature of obesity, mainly due to its associated health risks, and have recently began enforcing healthy eating and exercise habits (Hareyan, 2006). School systems have recognized that many families are unable to teach their children healthy habits, so have taken upon this role to maintain the social order within society. Alongside this, there has been a vast increase in weight-loss alternatives (rather than simply the gym, or perhaps surgery) to suit the modern, working individual. ‘Quick’ weight loss pills and detox diets are now more on the market than ever before and are available to anyone willing to pay. Functionalism revolves around creating solutions to maintain social order, and in regards to obesity, many actions have been taken as obesity is seen as a deviant act which disrupts the balanced functioning of society. In conclusion, obesity has been labeled as a deviant act within modern Western society as it violates what the consensus recognizes as ‘normal’ behaviour. It is increasingly less acceptable with those carrying the status left facing the consequences of social judgment and exclusion. In applying the functionalist theory, the deviant nature of obesity can be further outlined and understood as a problematic issue within contemporary society. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Obesity in Western Culture" essay for you Create order

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

American Annals Of The Deaf - 1728 Words

American Annals of the Deaf is an educational journal that is committed to providing educational experiences of high quality as well as related services for the deaf. This journal has been around for over 150 years, and over time they have been dedicated to making sure that children and adults who are deaf or hard of hearing are receiving quality assistance for their disability (NEED CITATION). In July 1996, they published a scholarly article in response to a survey Catherine Gillespie and Sandra Twardosz conducted about the literacy environment and different practices that children are receiving in a residential school for the deaf. Gillespie and Twardosz conducted this experiment about the literacy environments and practices in residential deaf schools because there was not very much data out about what sort of practices were being used or even about practices that were successful for the children at residential programs. There was information and data out about the literacy environments and practices for deaf children in home and classroom settings the residential environments have been overlooked. So the survey Gillespie and Twardosz sent out to all fifty-three of the residential deaf schools in America asked the schools questions that would increase the knowledge about the literacy environments and practices. They addressed three different topics: how many children were being affected by the literacy environments and practices the school, what types of reading andShow MoreRelated Teachers Options Essay1716 Words   |  7 PagesTeachers Options There are many options open to teachers of deaf children in a variety of situations. In teaching deaf and hard of hearing children there is such a wide range of children, each with their own abilities. Each child also has a different family situation to take into account. Some children come from deaf families, some they are the only deaf family member, and some have no support from their families because they are deaf. There are also students that have family members that makeRead MoreEdmund Booth: Deaf Pioneer Essay1064 Words   |  5 PagesEdmund Booth: Deaf Pioneer Edmund Booth was born on a farm near Springfield, Massachusetts in 1810. Some of the hats he wore during his lifetime were farmer, teacher, activist for the deaf, pioneer settler, 49er, journalist, and politician. The consistent theme in Booths life, one to which he always returned, was his commitment to the deaf: working for the rights of all deaf people in this country, including education of deaf children. Booths interest in deaf issues was veryRead MoreEssay on Diversity in Education1208 Words   |  5 Pagesand students alike, especially for ethnic-minority Deaf students. Compared to American students, ethnic-minority Deaf students have different needs that require accommodations in the types of instruction methods from teachers. Because of the diversity within the Deaf community, it is important to stress on the importance of ethnic-minority role models for deaf college students, the academic preparedness of ethnic-minority deaf students, the deaf students’ level of comfort on campus, and the successRead MoreEdmund Booth 1168 Words   |  5 Pagesin one eye. By age eight, his remaining hearing in the one ear had dissipated, and he was now profoundly deaf. Although he was now disadvantaged in a time when disadvantaged people didn’t fare well, he once again proved everyone wrong, by becoming one the most functional people of his time, a legend in his own right. Dur ing Edmunds’ life he became a renaissance man, a journalist, a deaf educator, a forty-niner, and a wonderful husband and father. Edmund Booths’ life is a testament to all thatRead MoreDevelopment and Deaf Children Essay1360 Words   |  6 Pages3. a. Erik Drasgow discussed in his article how important early exposure is for deaf children (Drasgow 1998). Unlike hearing children who are exposed to language early in the womb, deaf children get their exposure to language at birth (Drasgow 1998). Drasgow explains that studies show the earlier language is developed the higher children excel in language skills (Drasgow 1998). Deaf children born to deaf parents will acquire language as easily as hearing child born to hearing parents developsRead MoreBi-Bi: A Better Way to Educate the Deaf2307 Words   |  10 PagesIn America we have adopted an auditory-speech, which is a mono-linguistic focus on the spoken and written forms of the majority (English here) language, approach to educating our deaf children. We adopted this methodology for teaching the deaf because of the Milan Conference held in 1880. This conference was an excuse for those in favor of oralism to gain the support they needed to outlaw the use of signed language in e ducation. Their plot succeeded; the conference decided that signed languageRead MoreThe Effects Of Hearing On Children With Disabilities1453 Words   |  6 PagesChristian Popoca According to the Americans with Disabilities Act, individuals with disabilities include those who have impairments that substantially limit a major life activity, have a history or record of a substantially limiting impairment, or are regarded as having a disability. Deaf people are limited in some functions because of an impairment of hearing. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports â€Å"deaf† individuals do not hear well enough to rely on their hearing to processRead MoreEssay about Assistive Listening Devices2460 Words   |  10 PagesAssistive Listening Devices Several assistive listening devices can improve the communication ability of deaf children. According to IDEA, every child with a disability is entitled to have access to assistive technology (California Department of Education, 2004). The California Department of Education (2004) outlines IDEA’s definition of an assistive technology device. It explains that this device consists of â€Å"any item, piece of equipment or product system†¦that is used to increase, maintainRead MoreHow the Deaf Communicate in a Hearing World Essay1671 Words   |  7 Pageshearing world and a deaf one. One world is capable of hearing and the other involves no incoming source of sound whatsoever. Understanding how deaf culture and how the hard of hearing work and live is important in order to comprehend the reasons behind why they do the certain things they do such as stare at others for a long period of time or the reason why they perceive situations that they are placed in. In the world of the deaf, one who has been labeled with the term â€Å"deaf† has little to no meaningRead MoreAmerican Sign Language Interpreters who Interpret in Mental Health Settings734 Words   |  3 PagesAmerican Sign Language Interpreters who interpret in mental health settings have a unique opportunity to be an effective part of the healing process for Deaf consumers by accurately interpreting the information between him or her and their mental health physician and / or team. In order to accomplish this, interpreters must seek the necessary training to work in the mental health setting, educate themselves about the various mental illnesses , understand the various demands and controls necessary

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Competitive Strategy Regional Product Acquisitions

Question: Discuss about Competitive Strategy for Regional Product Acquisitions. Answer: Strategy There are different definitions available to different companies for Strategy. In order to be the leader in the particular business, field companies use different innovative tactics and different ideas.The most crucial thing is to understand is that delivering the lower cost products or use of the regional acquisitions or the offering of the exceptional services cannot be considered as to be the strategies. it should be noted that descriptions and tactics are different from actual strategies (Andries and Debackere, 2013). There are many companies who consider the strategies to lower down the cost prices of the products or to bring out the desired innovation in the services and products offered by them, but actually, the strategies are the desired ideas to increase the profitability and the productivity of the concerned organization. The strategy word comes from the Greek word, STRATETOS which means art for the general. The most crucial are that the War of "SUNTZU reflects that winnin g is merely from the good things and the bad this comes from the loosing of the business within the market segments (Bucherer, Eisert, and Gassmann, 2012). The adaptation of the differentiation strategies helps in enhancing the reliability of the business process and moreover, it helps in providing complete satisfaction to the customer by various means. There are four most significant factors which need to be evaluated for the development of effective strategies these are the sensation, reliability, and satisfaction of the clients and the effectiveness of the concerned firm (Koulopoulos, 2009). The increase in the actual revenue of the firm with the help of suitable ideas can be regarded s the effective strategy but the development of the products and differentiation of the pricing strategies cannot be termed as strategies. The use and development of the effective strategies help in branding f the firm and this increases the desired revenue for the organization on a large scale. Tac tics, goals or the descriptions for a particular product cannot be considered to be the strategies as they are not merely for the bringing up of the preferred revenue for the company but they will help in improving the quality of the products and the services offered by the firm (Taran, Boer, and Lindgren, 2015). Some examples or the practical application of the strategies by many of the renowned organizations will help in understanding the concept in desired way. IKEA is one of the most popular organizations that are engaged in providing different contemporary styles of furniture to all its customers as per their needs. The company targets those showrooms where the number of orders needed to be fulfilled instead of the quality of the products and this increases the profitability of the firm to a great extent (Liu, 2009). Most import for the management team of the firm is to look at the desired needs of the customers as per the prices are concerned and therefore IKEA builds up the desired strategies to provide the best design at lowest prices regarding the furniture's (Jordan, 2012). The Adaptation of the Scandinavian design helps in generating the desired amount of the revenue for the firm. Pankaj Ghemawat: CAGE framework This particular cage framework reveals the desired means of trading among the two of the countries concerned. Moreover, it reflects the trading of the two countries concerned on the basis of same or the different types of the dimensions in order to increase the effectualness of the preferred business methods Driving the economy through innovation and entrepreneurship, 2013). The full form of the CAGE framework is C-Cultural, A-administrative, G-geographic and E-economic. There must not be any of the direct interaction between these two countries concerned and these particular dimensions need to be included within the interactions (Liu, 2009). There are some of the crucial points which need to be considered in order to maintain the perfect trade relations between the countries concerned, they are they should pose the same capita income, they must share some border, have similar dimensions and same languages (Dekker, 2013). The trade relations of the developed countries are quite good and they have been seen to have exchanged their views nearly 10 to 15 times. There need to be perfect economic relations in order to increase the opportunities for the business processes globally. It has been seen that there are some of the well-known companies who have different dimensions whereas there are some other countries like Mexico and Canada who retain the same dimensions (Bonavina, 2012). The use and the identifications of the dimensions play the most crucial role in evaluating the desired trade relations between the two countries. Therefore, the framework formed by Pankaj Ghemawat reflects the desired points which need to be considered while increasing the effectiveness of the trade relations of two of the countries concerned. Considering examples, Canada is supposed to be the major mutual partner for the purpose of training and it has the largest tenth economy all entire the world and with the help of the CAGE framework, it executes the trading opportunities with different countries. It helps in normalizing the desired risks and improves the overall trade relations with the different countries concerned. There is a major issue for china which is Intellectual rights and currently, China is working on this particular issue. For the improvement of the trade relations, China and India are following the CAGE framework and this has helped a lot in improving the desired trade relations (Zenger and Stinnett, 2010). The dimensions need to be understood properly as these are considered to very helpful and these evaluate the growth of the firm to a larger extent. China and India have the same dimensions such as borders, cultural, administration sequence, and the geographic locations. It has been seen that Wall-Mart is executing all its business methods throughout different countries like in Canada, U.K, Mexico and Puerto Rico. References Andries, P. and Debackere, K. (2013). Business Model Innovation: Propositions on the Appropriateness of Different Learning Approaches.Creativity and Innovation Management, 22(4), pp.337-358. Bonavina, L. (2012).Innovation in esophageal surgery. Milan: Springer. Bucherer, E., Eisert, U., and Gassmann, O. (2012). Towards Systematic Business Model Innovation: Lessons from Product Innovation Management.Creativity and Innovation Management, 21(2), pp.183-198. Dekker, E. (2013).World of Warcraft gold strategy guide. Birmingham: Packt Pub. Driving the economy through innovation and entrepreneurship. (2013). New Delhi: Springer. Jordan, J. (2012).Information, Technology, and Innovation. Hoboken: Wiley. Koulopoulos, T. (2009).The innovation zone. Mountain View, Calif.: Davies-Black Pub. Lee, G. (2010).Business process management of Japanese and Korean companies. New Jersey: World Scientific. Liu, L. (2009).Emerging nanotechnology power. New Jersey: World Scientific. Rud, O. (2009).Business intelligence success factors. Hoboken, NJ: Joh Wiley Sons. Taran, Y., Boer, H. and Lindgren, P. (2015). A Business Model Innovation Typology.Decision Sciences, 46(2), pp.301-331. Zenger, J., and Stinnett, K. (2010).The extraordinary c

Sunday, April 12, 2020

Internal medicine residency program

The article starts by exploring how the hospital-based health practitioners are slowly being replaced by physicians assistants.Advertising We will write a custom article sample on Internal medicine residency program specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In this regard, the authors have provided different reasons for the development of this innovation in medical employment, such as the misdistribution of physicians causing service gaps; changes in the federal rules and regulations with regard to the issue of hospital reimbursements; new guidelines that seeks to restrict the working hours of the residents; reduced physician residents programs in such main medical fields as medicine, pediatrics, and surgery; and a reduction in foreign medical graduates in the GME (graduate medical education) program (Sunil Choksi, 2009, p. 133) in the United States. The purpose of this particular article was to help in describing a comparative assessment of the impact of substituting an internal medicine residency program with a hospitalist model that involves a physician assistant, on the outcomes of patients within a community hospital. The methodology entailed a replacement of some 9.5 full-time attending physicians and some 30 residents house staff with 12.5 full-time attending physicians and 23 physician assistants. With regard to the residency model, the physician assistants were deployed to the medical ICE, general medical floor unit, the coronary care unit, and the telemetry/monitored settings units, all on a rotational basis ((Sunil Choksi, 2009, p. 135). On the other hand, the medical residency model had an attending physician present on the medical floor to facilitate indirect supervision during the off-hours and to direct supervision when the teaching rounds were in progress. The physician assistants-hospitalized model also had an attending physical on call to ensure that the physician assistants were directly supervis ed during the regular hours of duty. On the other hand, during the weekend or the off-hours, an attending physician would often be on call to facilitate the supervision.Advertising Looking for article on health medicine? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In order to facilitate the conduction of the study, the researchers deemed it appropriate to collect prospective data on the 2 years time duration during which the hospitalists’ service- physician’s assistant was compared with the service-physician prospective data from the adjusted mortality of the medical residents’ model that had also been collected during the same 2 years period. The study’s outcome measures included adverse events, mortality, patient satisfaction, readmissions, and documentation. The medical residents models versus the physicians assistant-hospitalists resulted in the yielding of an index-adjusted mortality for case mix and all- cause of 0.019 versus a56/5458 (representing a 2.85 %), and 107/5508 (representing a further 1.94%), respectively. The non-adverse event cases reported by the study were 5, while the adverse event cases were 9. On the other hand, the study reported a 64 versus 69 rate of readmission within time duration of 30 days. Further, the study also recorded a 95 versus 96% rate of patient satisfaction (Sunil Choksi, 2009, p. 136). Moreover, the study also reported an equivalent provision of quality care to the patients in the hospital in question by the hospitalists-physician assistants’ model. During the hospitalists-physicians assistants’ model period, the study reported significantly lower case mix index and all-cause adjusted mortality. The study further provides a recommendation on the need to conduct further research into the areas under investigation before it can be replicated into other similar institutions. On the other hand, the authors did not collect any intrinsic barriers that could have hindered the implementation of this particular study design and for this reason the study could as well be implemented in other institutions.Advertising We will write a custom article sample on Internal medicine residency program specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reference Sunil Dhuper, S., Choksi, S. (2009). Replacing an Academic Internal Medicine Residency Program With a Physician Assistant–Hospitalist Model: A Comparative Analysis Study. AM J Med Qual, 24(2),132-9 This article on Internal medicine residency program was written and submitted by user Kimberly Whitley to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Definition and Examples of Multilingualism

Definition and Examples of Multilingualism Multilingualism is the ability of an individual speaker or a community of speakers to communicate effectively in three or more languages. Contrast with monolingualism, the ability to use only one language. A person who can speak multiple languages is known as a polyglot or a multilingual. The original language a person grows up speaking is known as their first language or mother tongue. Someone who is raised speaking two first languages or mother tongues is called a simultaneous bilingual. If they learn a second language later, they are called a sequential bilingual. Examples and Observations Majesty, the Herr Direttore, he has removed uno balletto that would have occurred at this place. - Italian Kapellmeister Bonno in Amadeus Multilingualism as the Norm We estimate that most of the human language users in the world speak more than one language, i.e. they are at least bilingual. In quantitative terms, then, monolingualism may be the exception and multilingualism the norm... - Peter Auer and Li Wei Bilingualism and Multilingualism Current research...begins by emphasizing the quantitative distinction between multilingualism and bilingualism and the greater complexity and diversity of the factors involved in acquisition and use where more than two languages are involved (Cenoz 2000; Hoffmann 2001a; Herdina and Jessner 2002). Thus, it is pointed out that not only do multilinguals have larger overall linguistic repertoires, but the range of the language situations in which multilinguals can participate, making appropriate language choices, is more extensive. Herdina Jessner (2000b:93) refer to this capacity as the multilingual art of balancing communicative requirements with language resources. This wider ability associated with the acquisition of more than two languages has also been argued to distinguish multilinguals in qualitative terms. One . . . qualitative distinction seems to lie in the area of strategies. Kemp (2007), for example, reports that multilingual learners learning strategies differ from those o f monolingual students learning their first foreign language. - Larissa Aronin and David Singleton Are Americans Lazily Monolingual? The celebrated multilingualism of not just Europe but also the rest of the world may be exaggerated. The hand-wringing about America’s supposed linguistic weakness is often accompanied by the claim that monolinguals make up a small worldwide minority. The Oxford linguist Suzanne Romaine has claimed that bilingualism and multilingualism are a normal and unremarkable necessity of everyday life for the majority of the world’s population. - Michael Erard New Multilingualisms [I]n paying attention to the language practices of young people in urban settings, we see new multilingualisms emerging, as the young people create meanings with their diverse linguistic repertoires. We see the young people (and their parents and teachers) using their eclectic array of linguistic resources to create, parody, play, contest, endorse, evaluate, challenge, tease, disrupt, bargain and otherwise negotiate their social worlds. - Adrian Blackledge and Angela Creese Sources Bleichenbacher, Lukas. Multilingualism in the Movies. University of Zurich, 2007.Auer, Peter and Wei, Li. Introduction: Multilingualism as a Problem? Monolingualism as a Problem? Handbook of Multilingualism and Multilingual Communication. Mouton de Gruyter, 2007, Berlin.Aronin, Larissa and Singleton, David. Multilingualism John Benjamins, 2012, Amersterdam.Erard, Michael. Are We Really Monolingual? The New York Times Sunday Review, January 14, 2012.Blackledge, Adrian and Creese, Angela. Multilingualism: A Critical Perspective. Continuum, 2010, London, New York.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Throw away All Fears Except the Fear of God Personal Statement - 4

Throw away All Fears Except the Fear of God - Personal Statement Example I actually hated myself for this, but I just could not help myself being what I am, a silly fool perhaps to others, but for me, I am just doing my best to live up to God’s expectations. In a span of twenty years, I helped my sister pay her debts, I rescued my brother, also from his debts, I made his children my scholars, one in high school and one in college, taking up Nursing, I loaned two friends to the tune of $14,000.00, and I had not been paid up to now, I contributed to the weekly dialysis of my brother for almost two years, and many more dole-outs, that I should say, they are countless. The bottom line is, my total debt had reached a staggering high of 50 thousand Dollars, which I figured, were already impossible to erase, considering I have no extra income, and the value of the assets that I had acquired is not even close to 30 thousand Dollars. My faith in the Good Lord Jesus Christ kept me going. Every night I still get a restful sleep, because I believe tomorrow is another day. The only process I have used, to deal with the most difficult situation in my life was to throw away all my fears, except my fear of hurting my God. When we truly understand how mu ch God loves us, what can we be possibly afraid of? For God has not given us a spirit of fear and timidity, but of power, love and self-discipline (2 Timothy 1:7, NLT). When I said I should not be afraid, I meant there must be solutions to all our problems. I had to throw away my fear of facing my problem After having decided to throw away my fear of not being able to pay everyone, I resolved to change. I realized that I can always help people, if not financially, then in other ways, such as spending the time to listen to their worries and help them find solutions. I can still prove to my God that He can use me to bring about His Glory to everyone.